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Dynamic Social Network Analysis using Latent Space Models (2005)

Purnamrita Sarkar and Andrew Moore

Tags

Social Network Analysis, Visualization

Abstract

This paper explores two aspects of social network modeling. First, we generalize a successful static model of relationships into a dynamic model that accounts for friendships drifting over time. Second, we show how to make it tractable to learn such models from data, even as the number of entities n gets large. The generalized model associates each entity with a point in p-dimensional Euclidean latent space. The points can move as time progresses but large moves in latent space are improbable. Observed links between entities are more likely if the entities are close in latent space. We show how to make such a model tractable (sub-quadratic in the number of entities) by the use of appropriate kernel functions for similarity in latent space; the use of low dimensional KD-trees; a new efficient dynamic adaptation of multidimensional scaling for a first pass of approximate projection of entities into latent space; and an efficient conjugate gradient update rule for non-linear local optimization in which amortized time per entity during an update is O(log n). We use both synthetic and real-world data on up to 11,000 entities which indicate near-linear scaling in computation time and improved performance over four alternative approaches. We also illustrate the system operating on twelve years of NIPS co-authorship data.

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Approximate BibTeX Entry

@article{sarkar05b,
    Year = {2005},
    Journal = {SIGKDD Explorations: Special Edition on Link Mining},
    Author = { Purnamrita Sarkar and Andrew Moore },
    Title = {Dynamic Social Network Analysis using Latent Space Models}
}

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